Who are the 12 imams

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    Initiated by the Khwajagan i-Naqshband. The family at whose front-door the Ark arrived would receive Prophethood. To whomever of us the Arms are transferred, he receives Imamate. It would reach the earth, and leave marks. I wore it also, and it reached the earth and sometimes it would not. When the Qaim from us who will rise to establish heavenly authority on earth will come, it will fit him perfectly, if Allah would so will.

    Muhammad al-Sadiq. Although many other Ottoman era inscriptions have been erased, these names are still perserved at the entrances to the Haram al-Sharif in Madinah by the House of Saud. You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Google account. You are commenting using your Twitter account.

    Name of The 12 Imams (1 to 12 Names)

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    Email required Address never made public. Name required. Search for:.The 12 Imams are Divinely appointed and guided leaders that succeeded the Prophet Muhammad s. The first 3 of the 12 Imams - Imam Ali a. The 12 Imams along with Prophet Muhammad s. They are Prophet Muhammad s. All Muslims respect them because of their knowledge and piety and divinely ordained rank and position in Islam. Prophet Muhammad s. Lady Fatimah al-Zahra a. Imam Ali a. Imam Hasan a. Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir a.

    Imam Husayn a. Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin a. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir a. Imam Jafar al-Sadiq a. Imam Musa al-Kadhim a. Imam Ali al-Hadi a. Imam Hasan al-Askari a. Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi a. As such, from time of the 6th Imam onwards, different Muslim sects emerge. These 5 were particularly close to Prophet Muhammad s.

    who are the 12 imams

    For example the 6th Infallible, Jafar al-Sadiq, taught thousands of students in subjects ranging from law and theology to mathematics and science. Abu Hanifa, the founder of the Hanafi Sunni school of thought and Malik, son of Anas and founder of the Maliki Sunni school of thought, were also his students. Part of their mission was to teach the correct interpretation of the Qur'an and ensure that the authentic message of Islam would remain intact. Overall, the 14 Infallibles hold a special place in Islam because of their intellectual and spiritual contribution to their society and in the advancement of Islamic sciences.

    He was born in C. The foundations of religion form the basis from which everything else follows. His father was Imam al-Hasan al-Askari, while his mother was a wholesome and religious woman named Nargis, who was a descendant of a noble family.

    The Holy Qur'an Content. Nothing were found. Please try a different search. Navigation Popular Articles Glossary. Who are the 12 Imams Introduction Intermediate Advanced. The 12 Imams are: Imam Ali a.The Prophet and Imams' words and deeds are a guide and model for the community to follow; as a result, they must be free from error and sin, and must be chosen by divine decree, or nassthrough the Prophet.

    The Imam was also guided by secret texts in his possession, such as al-Jafr and al-Jamia. According to Twelvers, there is always an Imam of the Age, who is the divinely appointed authority on all matters of faith and law in the Muslim community.

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    Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Husayn ibn Aliwho was the brother of Hasan ibn Ali. One who constantly Prostrates, Ornament of the Worshippers [ 21 ]. The Revealer of Knowledge [ 23 ]. This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors see full disclaimer.

    Donate to Wikimedia. All translations of The Twelve Imams. A windows pop-into of information full-content of Sensagent triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites!

    With a SensagentBoxvisitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent. Choose the design that fits your site. Please, email us to describe your idea. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content.

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    Tips: browse the semantic fields see From ideas to words in two languages to learn more. All rights reserved. Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Find out more. The Twelve Imams. See also. Retrieved The Sixth Imam as was very generous person, and of excellent moral perfections. He had very polite manners in his social dealings of his visitors and hosted and treated them equally.

    His control over his anger was as such that he was named, AI-Kathum, which means having great control over one's anger. For his worship he would stay up for many nights and read the whole book of Holy Koran in just over three days. Very often he would fast and also pray a thousand prayers in twenty four hours. He remarkably excelled all others of his time in the fields of human perfections, as vast knowledge, generosity, politeness of manners, worshiping of Allah swtwith moral qualities and discipline.

    He remarkably excelled all others of his time in the fields of human perfections, as vast knowledge, generosity, politeness of manners, worshipping of Allah swtwith moral qualities and discipline. He was well-known to the Christians as having all the human perfections like the Prophet Jesus as had.

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    He will re-appear to all mankind only by The Command of God towards the last days of the human civilization at a time when the world will become unbearably full of injustice and immorality. Cart 0. Survey- Send us your thought! Contact Us! Back April 9- Community Dinner! Back Donate! Volunteer Become a Member. IHW Admin January 12, IHW Admin January 11, IHW Admin January 10, IHW Admin January 9, IHW Admin January 8, Read More.

    IHW Admin January 7, IHW Admin January 6, IHW Admin January 5, IHW Admin January 4, IHW Admin January 3, IHW Admin January 2, IHW Admin January 1, According to the theology of Twelversthe Twelve Imams are exemplary human individuals who not only rule over the community with justice, but also are able to keep and interpret sharia and the esoteric meaning of the Quran. Muhammad and Imams' words and deeds are a guide and model for the community to follow; as a result, they must be free from error and sin known as ismahor infallibility and must be chosen by divine decree through the Prophet.

    Their oppression and suffering served greater purposes and were a means of divine grace to their devotees. Imamat, or belief in the divine guide, is a fundamental belief in the Twelver Shia doctrine and is based on the concept that God would not leave humanity without access to divine guidance.

    According to Twelvers, there is at all times an Imam of the era who is the divinely appointed authority on all matters of faith and law in the Muslim community. Ali was the first of the Twelve Imams, and, in the Twelvers view, the rightful successor to Muhammadfollowed by male descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah.

    Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Husayn ibn Aliwho was the brother of Hasan ibn Ali. The twelfth and final Imam is Muhammad al-Mahdiwho is believed by the Twelvers to be currently alive, and hidden in the Major Occultation until he returns to bring justice to the world. All of the Imams met unnatural deaths, with the exception of the last Imam who, according to Twelver and Alevi belief, is living in occultation. Some of the Imams also have a leading role within some Sufi orders and are seen as the spiritual heads of Islam, because most of the Silsila spiritual chain of Sufi orders leads back to the Prophet through one of the Twelve Imams.

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Group of successors to Muhammad. Part of a series on Shia Islam Twelvers. Civilization of Laws The Certainty. Main article: Imamate Twelver doctrine. Shia Islam portal Islam portal. Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world; vol.

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    Gale Group. Retrieved Encyclopaedia Iranica. Mekyal al-Makarim. Qom: Intisharat Masjed Moqaddas Jamkaran. Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University. Momen, Moojan Yale University Press. Sachedina, Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Oxford University Press US. Tabataba'i, Sayyid Mohammad Hosayn Shi'ite Islam. Seyyed Hossein Nasr translator. SUNY press. This audio file was created from a revision of the article " The Twelve Imams " datedand does not reflect subsequent edits to the article.

    Audio help. More spoken articles. Shia Imams. Categories : Shia imams Twelvers Lists of Islamic religious leaders.They said that what is meant is the fair and just caliphs; some of them have already appeared and passed on, and the number will be completed before the Hour begins.

    It may be that what is meant is those who are rightfully deserving of the caliphate; some of them have already come and passed on, and are known, and this number will inevitably be completed before the Hour begins.

    End quote. Others who are like them will inevitably appear and support truth and justice, until this number is completed. This is the most correct of the scholarly views in my opinion.

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    What this hadeeth means is giving glad tidings of the coming of twelve righteous caliphs who will support the truth and treat the people with justice. The Hour will not begin until they have all come and the number is completed.

    What appears to be the case is that one of them will be the Mahdi who is foretold in the hadeeths that speak of him. Another view is that what is meant is that the twelve will all appear at the same time and be contemporaries of one another. It was said that what is meant is that they will all appear at the same time, and each of them will be followed by a group among the Muslims.

    Al-Qaadi said: It is not far-fetched to say that this has already happened, if you examine history. In Andalusia alone at the same time, after AH, there were some of them, each of them claiming to be a caliph and taking that title. At that time there was another one in Egypt, and the Abbasid caliph was in Baghdad. This is in addition to others who also claimed to be caliphs at that time in other regions.

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    If he had meant something other than that, he would have said, there will be twelve leaders who will do such and such. Because he did not tell us about them, we know that he meant that they would come at the same time. End quote from al-Muhallab. Al-Haafiz said: This is the view of those who did not come across any of the other versions of the hadeeth except the report that appears in al-Bukhaari, which is a summarized version.

    It is known from the reports that I have quoted above, from Muslim and elsewhere, that he mentioned some of the characteristics of their rule, which is that Islam will be prevalent and strong during their rule. According to another report, there is another characteristic, which is that each of them will have the ummah united under his rulership, as it says in the version narrated by Abu Dawood. The third view is that what is meant is caliphs during whose reign Islam will prevail and the ummah will unite around them, whether they are just and rule equitably or not.

    This is speaking of the caliphs who would come after him and after his companions. These were twelve in number. This opinion was mentioned by Ibn al-Jawzi in Kashf al-Mushkil min Hadeeth as-Saheehayn; he also quoted it from al-Khattaabi in a lengthy discussion of which this is a summary.

    Perhaps al-Qurtubi was narrating it from Ibn al-Jawzi. After that, the Islamic state was beset by the decline that has continued until the present. One of them would be the one who led the people in offering the five daily prayers, handed out banners in the mosque to the armies setting out on expeditionsand appoint commanders, but he would live in his own house; they did not live in palaces or remain aloof from the common people.

    who are the 12 imams

    Then they united around his son Yazeed, and al-Husayn was not able to hold power; rather he was killed before that.The 12 Imams are Divinely appointed and guided leaders that succeeded the Prophet Muhammad s. The first 3 of the 12 Imams - Imam Ali a. The 12 Imams along with Prophet Muhammad s. They are Prophet Muhammad s.

    All Muslims respect them because of their knowledge and piety and divinely ordained rank and position in Islam. Prophet Muhammad s. Lady Fatimah al-Zahra a. Imam Ali a. Imam Hasan a.

    Hadith of the Twelve Successors

    Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir a. Imam Husayn a. Imam Ali Zayn al-Abidin a. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir a. Imam Jafar al-Sadiq a. Imam Musa al-Kadhim a. Imam Ali al-Hadi a.

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    Imam Hasan al-Askari a. Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi a. As such, from time of the 6th Imam onwards, different Muslim sects emerge. These 5 were particularly close to Prophet Muhammad s. For example the 6th Infallible, Jafar al-Sadiq, taught thousands of students in subjects ranging from law and theology to mathematics and science. Abu Hanifa, the founder of the Hanafi Sunni school of thought and Malik, son of Anas and founder of the Maliki Sunni school of thought, were also his students.

    Part of their mission was to teach the correct interpretation of the Qur'an and ensure that the authentic message of Islam would remain intact. Overall, the 14 Infallibles hold a special place in Islam because of their intellectual and spiritual contribution to their society and in the advancement of Islamic sciences.

    His father was Imam al-Hasan al-Askari, while his mother was a wholesome and religious woman named Nargis, who was a descendant of a noble family.

    who are the 12 imams

    The foundations of religion form the basis from which everything else follows.


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    Who are the 12 imams

    Note: We respect Shia's Imams as individuals.

    who are the 12 imams

    Shia's main reference books are full of lies in the form of fabricated narrations falsely attributed to their Imams or to Prophet Mohammad s. Allah sent Prophet Muhammad s. No new prophet is prophesied to come after Prophet Muhammad s. The chain of "Wahi" revelation sent by Allah through Angel Gabriel a. However, Prophet Mohammad mentions that Jesus Christ will return to Earth and will rule the World as a Muslim, but will not bring a new holy scripture or revelation.

    Furthermore, Prophet Mohammad also mentions that a Muslim leader, called Al-Mahdi, will appear around the end of time before Jesus' return. The number and identity of these Imams varies from one Shia sect to another, some of them believe in only 7 Imams while others believe in 12 Imams.

    The Shia believe that the final Imam, called Al-Mahdi, disappeared hundreds of years ago and went into occultation state, but he will re-appear around the end of the world, before the Day of Judgment.

    Shia's Al-Mahdi is very different in his characteristics from Al-Mahdi that prophet Mohammad mentions that he will appear to lead the Muslims at the end of time. Shia's Imam Mahdi is a fictitious, imaginary character. He never existed as a child. He does not exist now, contrary to what they believe. Therefore, there will never be any person appearing in the future who will fulfil all the characteristics and signs of Shia's Imam Mahdi.

    Some Shia may follow the Anti-Christ, thinking he is Shia's Imam Mahdi because there are many similarities between them click here for an in-depth analysis of this point. They claim that knowledge of the unseen belongs solely to their Imams, and it is not for the Prophet to inform us about the unseen. Some Shia have gone so far as to claim divinity for those Imams.

    Al-Imamah is the most important pillar of Shia's religion. Shia scholar al-Muzaffar explains:. We further believe that whoever recognizes the Imamah of Amirul-Mu'mineen but denies one of the Imams, is like one who admits and recognizes all the Prophets but denies the Prophethood of Muhammad [pbuh].

    Al-I'tiqadaat: Ibn Babawaih al-Qummi, p.

    who are the 12 imams

    Ali As-Saloos, p. He who loves him is a believer, and he who hates him is a hypocrite. He who follows him is a follower, and who fights him is an apostate, and who rejects him will perish.

    Ali is the sword of Allah against His enemies, and the inheritor of the knowledge of His Prophets. Ali is the Upper Word of Allah, and the word of his enemies is the lower.

    Ali is the Prince of Believers Amir-ul-Mu'mineenleader of "al-Ghurr al-Muhajjalin" and the Imam of all Muslims, Allah does not accept the faith except of those who accept his Ali's Wilayah and declare allegiance to him. The Shia have tendency to lie and attribute false statements and narration to their Imams. The following are 2 examples of fabricated narrations:. Muhammad bin Yahya, narrated from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Issa, from Muhammad bin Sinaan, from Muawiyah bin Wahab said: "We departed to Makka and in our company was a righteous old man who does not know about this matter Shi'ism and performs the full prayer during travel, and with him was his nephew, who was a Muslim.

    Everybody said: Leave the old man alone, he seems alright.

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    His nephew did not wait long to say: Uncle, the people became apostates after the Messenger of Allah [pbuh] save very few men, and Ali bin Abi Talib [as] was entitled to the same allegiance that the Messenger [pbuh] enjoyed, and after the Messenger of Allah, truth and allegiance was due to him. The Narrator Said: The old man took a deep breath and said: I am on this path, and died.

    Ali bin As-Sariy said: But he did not know a thing about this Shi'ism save that hour!Good information you shared thanks for sharing it Hazrat Imam Ali al-Mur. Hazrat Abu Talib a. Bibi Fatima Bint-e-Asa ds. Hazrat Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba a. Imam Ali a. Bibi Fatima Bint-e-Muhammad s. Hazrat Imam Hussain al-Mazloom a. Hazrat Imam Ali a.

    Imam Hussain a. Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Baqir a. Imam Ali al-Abideen a. Hazrat I. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir a. Bibi Um-e-Farvah s. Hazrat Imam Moosa al-K.

    Who Are The 12 Imams Of Twelver Shia Islam?

    Imam Jaffar al-Sadiq a. Bibi Hameeda s.

    who are the 12 imams

    Hazrat Imam. Imam Moosa al-Kazim a. Hazrat Imam Muhammad al-Jawaad Taqi a. Imam Ali al-Reza. Bibi Sabiqa Khatoon s. Hazrat Imam Ali al-Naqi. Imam Muhammad al-Jawaad Taqi a. Bibi Samana Khatoon s. Sarman Rai. Hazrat Imam Hassan. Imam Ali al-Naqi a. Bibi Hadis Khatoon s. Hazrat Imam Mu.

    Imam Hassan al-Askari a.According to the theology of Twelversthe Twelve Imams are exemplary human individuals who not only rule over the community with justice, but also are able to keep and interpret sharia and the esoteric meaning of the Quran. Muhammad and Imams' words and deeds are a guide and model for the community to follow; as a result, they must be free from error and sin known as ismahor infallibility and must be chosen by divine decree through the Prophet.

    Their oppression and suffering served greater purposes and were a means of divine grace to their devotees. Imamat, or belief in the divine guide, is a fundamental belief in the Twelver Shia doctrine and is based on the concept that God would not leave humanity without access to divine guidance. According to Twelvers, there is at all times an Imam of the era who is the divinely appointed authority on all matters of faith and law in the Muslim community.

    Ali was the first of the Twelve Imams, and, in the Twelvers view, the rightful successor to Muhammadfollowed by male descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah. Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Husayn ibn Aliwho was the brother of Hasan ibn Ali. The twelfth and final Imam is Muhammad al-Mahdiwho is believed by the Twelvers to be currently alive, and hidden in the Major Occultation until he returns to bring justice to the world.

    All of the Imams met unnatural deaths, with the exception of the last Imam who, according to Twelver and Alevi belief, is living in occultation. Some of the Imams also have a leading role within some Sufi orders and are seen as the spiritual heads of Islam, because most of the Silsila spiritual chain of Sufi orders leads back to the Prophet through one of the Twelve Imams. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Group of successors to Muhammad. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.

    Part of a series on Shia Islam Twelvers. Civilization of Laws The Certainty. Main article: Imamate Twelver doctrine. Shia Islam portal Islam portal. Encyclopaedia of Islam and the Muslim world; vol.

    Gale Group. Retrieved Encyclopaedia Iranica.

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    Mekyal al-Makarim. Qom: Intisharat Masjed Moqaddas Jamkaran. Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University. Momen, Moojan Yale University Press. Sachedina, Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Oxford University Press US.

    Who are the 12 Imams? Part 3 - Sayed Moustafa Al-Qazwini

    Tabataba'i, Sayyid Mohammad Hosayn Shi'ite Islam. Seyyed Hossein Nasr translator. SUNY press.It is most popular among Twelver Shiitesas they interpret the prophecy was fulfilled by The Twelve Imams. The hadith classified as Sahih is widely accepted by all Muslims but its interpretation varies heavily.

    According to the prophecy there will reign twelve caliphs —presumably the first being crowned upon Muhammad's death—and after which the caliphate would cease to exist and mark the beginning of the judgement day or armageddon.

    It is stated that all twelve caliphs will be from the tribe of Quraysh.

    who are the 12 imams

    Interpretation of the hadith varies widely among Sunni scholars; some have openly claimed that they do not know the meaning. Another interpretation is that the prophecy was fulfilled by the Rashidun Caliphs. Imam Muslim on Sahih Muslim wrote: Rasulullah s.

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    Someone asked him: Did you ask Rasulullah s. Ibnu Mas'ud answered: Of course we asked this thing from Rasulullah s. Shia Muslims believe in the concept of Imamah, while rejecting the Sunni view of Caliphate and the four khalifs namely: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali in chronological order.

    According to Shias, there is no tradition or proof which states that the number of leaders which can be referred to as khalifs, Imams, or amirs will be anything other than twelve.

    A Shi'ite Encyclopedia

    The twelve successors from the hadith traditions of Muhammad are already known as The Twelve Imams. Two hadiths form the basis and understanding of the 12 successors of Muhammad: the hadith of the two weighty things and the hadiths regarding the 12 khalifs. One of the most authentic hadith traditions of the sayings of Muhammad is Hadith thaqalain in which Muhammad tells the Muslims that he is leaving behind two weighty things, The Quran and his ahlul bayt. The Prophet S was seated on his camel, al-Qaswa', and was delivering a sermon.

    I heard him say: 'O people, I am leaving among you that which if you hold on to you shall never go astray: the Book of Allah and my kindred, my household ahlul bayt. This tradition was recorded by many other sources [8] [9] [10].

    Muhammad also repeated this hadith at a place called Ghadir Khumm. Al-Nasa'I [11] records the following tradition:. So watch out how you treat them after me.

    For, indeed, they will never separate until they return to me by the side of the Pond. My God, befriend whoever befriends him and be hostile to whoever is hostile to him. Among others who have recorded it in their books are bukhari in his tarikh, [12] Muslim in his sahih, [13] the musnad of ahmad bin hanbal, [14] sunan of abu dawud, [15] and al tabarani: [16]. The Holy Prophet S. I asked my father what the Prophet said. The conclusion of the Shia school is that Muhammad left the world with the Quran and his ahlul bayt as guides for humanity.

    Similar to the 12 tribes of bani Israel Quran and the 12 disciples of Jesus Bible RevelationMuhammad also left his community with 12 heirs to guide the community and protect the interpretation of the Quran. Of note, very few of God's chosen messengers and guides ever attained worldly power.

    As such, the concept of the twelve successors is not a prophecy of worldly leaders, but rather spiritual guides imams and the notion that these twelve must be worldly leaders to be successors of Muhammad is rejected.

    He said: Surely I will make you an Imam for mankind. Ibrahim said: And of my offspring will there be Imams? The above-mentioned prophecy is taken from English translated versions of the Genesis creation narrative found in both the Tanakh and The Bible.

    The earliest know example is found in the Dead Sea ScrollsEst.The words and deeds of Muhammad and the Imams guide the community. For this, the Imams must be free from error and sin and chosen by divine decree— nass —through the Prophet. Shi'a believe that divine wisdom— 'Aql —is the source of the souls of the Prophets and Imams and gives them esoteric knowledge— hikmah —and that their suffering is a means by which their devotees may acquire divine grace.

    The Imamat, or belief in the divine guide, is a fundamental belief in Shia Islam and is based on the concept that God would not leave humanity without access to divine guidance. According to the Twelvers, an Imam of the Age is always the divinely appointed authority on all matters of faith and law. Ali was the first Imam in this line and in the view of Twelvers the rightful successor to Muhammad, followed by the male descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah.

    Each Imam was the son of the previous Imam, with the exception of Husayn ibn Aliwho was the brother of Hasan ibn Ali. According to al-Mofid and Allamah Hilli, Imamate is a universal authority over the religious and secular matters of the community as the successor of the prophet [7] [8] and in Shia theology it means the legitimate successor to the Islamic community who are just the family of the prophet ahl al-Bayt.

    The Motahhari states that the term Imamate reflects spiritual and sociopolitical leadership. Two important functions of Muhammad were to reveal the divine law to humans and to guide them towards God.

    Twelver Shia believe that with the death of Muhammad, the first function, divine legislationis completed, but that the second, guiding people and preserving and explaining the divine lawis continued through the Imams.

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    By members of my family is meant the Imams Through them Allah gives sustenance Rizq to His servants and through them His lands prosper and the rain falls from the heaven and the earth gives out its blessings". The meaning can be manifested not by ordinary knowledge, but by an inspired heir who is the Hujjah of Allah.

    Divine knowledge is attainable only through divine revelation or inspiration. The role of the Imam in society is equivalent to the role of the mind in the body. Sunni theological traditions. Theology of Twelvers 5. Other Shia concepts of Aqidah. Before the creation of the world, from His own light, Allah derived a light called light of Nubuwwa prophethood or exoteric and from that derived another light called Walaya Imamah or esoteric. Allah said "Here is a Light from my Light, its trunk is the prophecy and its branch is the Imamate; prophecy belongs to Muhammad, my servant and messenger and Imamate belongs to Ali, my proof and my friend.

    Names of the Twelve Imams at the Entrances of Haram Al-Medina

    Without them, I would have created none of my creation Through these creatures, men could know His attributes.

    This is His plan to make Himself known. The Covenant of the Imams was taken from the prophets, the angels and the entire creation. The Imam is endowed with the holy spirit Ruh al-Kuds.They are seen as divinely guided leaders and are the holiest people in Islam Religion. They are known as Ahlulbayt meaning the people of the household and the first five of the twelve imams are particularly significant, and they are Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, Fatima al-Zahra, Imam Hassan, and Imam Husayn.

    These holy people helped Prophet Mohammed and guided the Muslim community after the death of the prophet. The other nine Imams continued to guide the community and in particular through scholarship and divine guidance. All Muslims respect the twelve imams because they were divinely ordained and their knowledge and piety are considered exemplary. Ali was a cousin of Muhammad, and later his son-in-law through Fatima, and the forthrightly guided Caliph.

    Born to a powerful Sheikh of the Quaraysh, Ali grew to become the most influential and powerful successor of Muhammad. He and Muhammad grew up as brothers, and when the latter received the divine call, he willingly joined him in defending the newly formed faith.

    Ali fought persecution by the Quaraysh, and when the Muslim migrated to Medina, Ali went with them. He proved his prowess in the battle and after the death of Muhammad, his right to the caliphate led the historical split in Islam into Sunni and Shia. The Sunni Muslims assassinated him in He became the head of Shia Islam after the death of his brother Hasan ibn Ali, his older brother. He considered the Umayyad as an oppressive and religiously misguided people.

    So he insisted on his legitimate legatees as a direct descendant of Muhammad who led to his exile from Medina to Mecca. In Mecca, the people of Kufa pledged allegiance to him, so he traveled from Mecca to Kufa, but the army of Yazid I intercepted his Caravan and massacred Husayn and his followers in the desolate plains of Karbala in Iraq.

    The most significant radical interpretation of Islam was that of the Martyrdom of Husayn at Karbala.

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    The martyrdom is almost comparable to that Christ in Christian religion. He is regarded as a righteous man sent to open the eyes of people to see how dark their self-induced sea of sin, but he chose to die so that they could be redeemed.

    Muhammad people mourned the Imam for the purity of his life rewarded by violent punishment. They remember him for his devotion in fighting against moral injustice. Muhammad was born in to Hasan al-Askari and Narcisi. He assumed Imam status at five years of age following the death of his father. In his early regime that lasted 72 years, called the Minor Occultation, Muhammad contacted his followers through the four deputies.

    After the occultation and a few days before the death of his fourth deputy,history has it that he sent his followers a letter that declared the beginning of a Major Occultation during which he will not be in contact with his people.

    The Shia Muslims believe in the Twelver caliphates and that Muhammad is the Mahdi, the ultimate savior of humankind. They also believe Islam will rule the world and during the reign justice and righteousness will fill the earth. The belief in Mahdi gave Shia Muslims identity.

    The Shiites believe that none of the twelve died a natural death. They were either assassinated or poisoned for being a legal threat to the rule of the caliphate. Down the history line, the Shiites fought for recognition, and acceptance by their fellow Muslims. The history of the Twelve is based on revolutionary violence, an art the Shia Muslims had to master to survive.This article is in reference to the question that: Where did the twelve Imams as come from and why should the number of Imams be twelve and twelve only?

    As a matter of fact, the answer is right inside the Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim. There are numerous Sunni collections of traditions which all recorded the following authentic tradition from the Prophet S.

    I heard the Prophet saying, "There will be twelve commanders Amir. My father said, the Prophet added, "All of them will be from Quraish. The Prophet S said: "The matter life will not end, until it is passed by twelve Caliphs. I asked my father what the Prophet said. He said, the Prophet added: "All of them will be from Quraish.

    The Prophet S said: "The affairs of people will continue to be conducted well as long as they are governed by the twelve men. The Prophet S said: "Islam will continue to be triumphant until there have been twelve Caliphs. The Prophet S said: "The Islamic religion will continue until the Hour day of resurrectionhaving twelve Caliphs for you, all of them will be from Quraish. It is widely narrated that:. Obviously, the above traditions are not fit to the first four Caliphs all together, as they were less than twelve.

    My recollection about the unfortunate history of Caliphate indicates that, even from the Sunni point of view, there was no good Caliph left after the first 4 Caliphs It would be 5 if we include Umar Ibn Abd al-Aziz. Some Sunnis are very generous and they add Imam al-Hasan as and Imam al-Mahdi as to the list as well. The reason is clear and as I stated previously, it is due to the lack of decent and sincere rulers in the History of Islam.

    The successor of the Prophet or the preceding Caliph should come immediately after the demise of the Prophet or the preceding Caliph. So successors should come right after the other without any gap. Also as the Prophet S suggested in the above traditions, those twelve Caliphs will cover till the day of resurrection. With the passage of time and through historical events, we know that by the above traditions the Holy Prophet S meant the twelve Imams from his Ahlul-Bait who are the descendants of the Prophet since we have no other 12 pure candidates in the history of Islam upon whose righteousness all Muslims agree.

    Moreover these twelve Imams came one after another without any gap. It is amazing that despite the acknowledgment of al-Bukhari and Muslim and other prominent Sunni scholars about the twelve Imams, the Sunnis always stop at the four Caliphs!

    Now after reviewing all these straightforward authentic traditions which ALL Muslims unanimously agree upon, I would like to ask, based on the Sunni point of view who are those twelve Caliphs after Prophet Muhammad S? Remember that the instructions of these twelve successors of the Prophet should be obeyed. Indeed, the Messenger of Allah S said:. He who dies while he does not know the Imam of his age, is like the one who died during days of Jahiliyya the era before Islam. He and his elder brother, al-Hasan, were sons of Fatimah, the daughter of the holy Prophet.

    He is our present and alive Imam. Then the greater occultation began which still continues. He will reappear when Allah allows him to establish the kingdom of Allah on earth and to fill the world with justice and equality as it would be full of injustice and tyranny. Skip to main content. And they can not be applied to the Umayad Caliphs, because a they were more than twelve; b all of them were tyrants and unjust except Umar Ibn Abd al-Aziz ; c they were not from the Hashimites and the Holy Prophet had said in another tradition that: "All of them will be from the Bani Hashim Indeed, the Messenger of Allah S said: He who dies while he does not know the Imam of his age, is like the one who died during days of Jahiliyya the era before Islam.

    Who Are Ahlul-Bayt? Part 6 The Most Beloved Wife?


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